Practice Relating to Rule 151. Individual Responsibility
Section A. Individual criminal responsibility
Mexico’s Penal Code (1931), as amended in 2000, under the heading “Offences against the duties of humanity”, provides for the punishment of a number of offences committed against certain protected persons and objects.
Mexico’s Code of Military Justice (1933), as amended in 1996, under the headings “Crimes against the laws of nations” and “Crimes committed in the exercise of military duties or in relation to them”, provides for the punishment of perpetrators of a number of offences related to war operations.
Under a separate provision, the Code also provides: “Those who immediately commit any act of murder, physical injury or damage to property outside the fighting will be held responsible.”