Practice Relating to Rule 106. Conditions for Prisoner-of-War Status
Section A. Distinction from the civilian population
Croatia’s LOAC Compendium (1991) states that combatants distinguish themselves from civilians by wearing a uniform, having a distinctive sign, being under a responsible command, being subject to the law of war and by “carrying arms openly at least: during every military engagement [and] as long as visible to the enemy while engaged in a military deployment”.
Croatia’s Commanders’ Manual (1992) states that combatants, members of the armed forces, “distinguish themselves by their uniform or by a recognizable distinctive sign or at least by carrying their arms openly”.