Practice Relating to Rule 2. Violence Aimed at Spreading Terror among the Civilian Population
Germany’s Military Manual (1992) states that “measures of intimidation or of terrorism” are prohibited.
In 2009, in reply to a Minor Interpellation in the Bundestag (Lower House of Parliament) titled “Investigation of serious violations of international humanitarian law in the recent Gaza war”, Germany’s Federal Government wrote:
9. How does the Federal Government assess the firing of rockets at towns and villages in Southern Israel by armed Palestinian groups in Gaza under international law?
Which specific provisions of international humanitarian law were violated by the Palestinian side?
The Federal Government condemns any act of violence and all acts of hostilities directed against civilians, as well as acts of terror. … Using violence or threatening to use violence with the primary purpose of spreading terror amongst the civilian population … [is] prohibited.