Practice Relating to Rule 55. Access for Humanitarian Relief to Civilians in Need
Section D. Right of the civilian population in need to receive humanitarian relief
Canada’s LOAC Manual (1999) provides: “Every opportunity must be given to protected persons to apply to the Protecting Powers, the ICRC, the local National Red Cross (or equivalent) society or any other organization that may assist them”.
Canada’s LOAC Manual (2001), in its chapter entitled “Treatment of civilians in the hands of a party to the conflict or an occupying power” and, more specifically, in a section entitled “Provisions common to the territories of the parties to the conflict and to occupied territories”, states:
Every opportunity must be given to protected persons to apply to the Protecting Powers, the ICRC, the local National Red Cross (or equivalent) society or any other organization that may assist them. Within the limits of military or security considerations, the belligerent must provide these organizations with all necessary facilities for given assistance. Belligerents must facilitate as much as possible visits to protected persons not only by delegates of the Protecting Powers and of the ICRC but also by representatives of other organizations ministering to their spiritual or material need.
In the same chapter, in a section entitled “Aliens in the territory of a party to the conflict”, the manual states:
Subject to security requirements protected persons who remain in the territory of the belligerent must, in general, be treated in accordance with the rules governing the treatment of aliens in time of peace. In particular, they must be allowed to receive any individual or collective relief that may be sent to them.