القاعدة ذات الصلة
Zimbabwe
Practice Relating to Rule 100. Fair Trial Guarantees
Section E. Necessary rights and means of defence
Zimbabwe’s Constitution (1979), as amended to 2009, states:
THE DECLARATION OF RIGHTS
18 Provisions to secure protection of law
(3) Every person who is charged with a criminal offence–
(c) shall be given adequate time and facilities for the preparation of his defence.
26 Interpretation and other savings
(7) No measures taken in relation to a person who is a member of a disciplined force of a country with which Zimbabwe is at war or with which a state of hostilities exists and no law, to the extent that it authorises the taking of such measures, shall be held to be in contravention of the Declaration of Rights. 
Zimbabwe, Constitution, 1979, as amended to 2009, Sections 18(3)(c) and 26(7).
Zimbabwe’s Constitution (2013) states:
Chapter 4 – Declaration of Rights
69. Right to a fair hearing
(1) Every person accused of an offence has the right to a fair and public trial within a reasonable time before an independent and impartial court.
(4) Every person has a right, at their own expense, to choose and be represented by a legal practitioner before any court, tribunal or forum.
70. Rights of accused persons
(1) Any person accused of an offence has the following rights –
(c) to be given adequate time and facilities to prepare a defence;
(d) to choose a legal practitioner and, at their own expense, to be represented by the legal practitioner;
(e) to be represented by a legal practitioner assigned by the State and at State expense, if substantial injustice would otherwise result;
(f) to be informed promptly of the rights conferred by paragraphs (d) and (e);
(2) Where this section requires information to be given to a person –
(a) the information must be given in a language the person understands; and
(b) if the person cannot read or write. any document embodying the information must be explained in such a way that the person understands it.
86. Limitation of rights and freedoms
(2) The fundamental rights and freedoms set out in this Chapter may be limited only in terms of a law of general application and to the extent that the limitation is fair, reasonable, necessary and justifiable in a democratic society based on openness, justice, human dignity, equality and freedom, taking into account all relevant factors, including –
(b) the purpose of the limitation, in particular whether it is necessary in the interests of defence, public safety, public order, public morality, public health, regional or town planning or the general public interest;
(3) No law may limit the following rights enshrined in this Chapter, and no person may violate them –
(e) the right to a fair trial;
87. Limitations during public emergency
(1) In addition to the limitations permitted by section 86, the fundamental rights and freedoms set out in this Chapter may be further limited by a written law providing for measures to deal with situations arising during a period of public emergency, but only to the extent permitted by this section and the Second Schedule.
(4) No law that provides for a declaration of a state of emergency, and no legislative or other measure taken in consequence of such a declaration may –
(a) indemnify, or permit or authorise an indemnity for, the State or any institution or agency of the government at any level, or any other person, in respect of any unlawful act; or
(b) limit any of the rights referred to in section 86(3), or authorise or permit any of those rights to be violated. 
Zimbabwe, Constitution, 2013, Sections 69(1) and (4), 70(1)(c)–(f) and (2), 86(2)(b) and (3)(e) and 87(1) and (4).