القاعدة ذات الصلة
South Africa
Practice Relating to Rule 8. Definition of Military Objectives
Section I. Presence of civilians within or near military objectives
South Africa’s LOAC Teaching Manual (2008) states:
Who are regarded as “Civilians”?
- Civilian persons within a military objective or its immediate surroundings share the danger to which it is exposed.
Basic Categories: Objects
Important: a military objective remains a military objective even if civilian persons are present therein.
Civilian persons, medical personnel and chaplains present in a military object or in the immediate vicinity of such an object share the risk of possible attacks.
Conclusion
- The presence of military objectives within a civilian population does not deprive the population of its civilian character, but civilians in a military objective or its immediate surroundings are at risk. 
South Africa, Advanced Law of Armed Conflict Teaching Manual, School of Military Justice, 1 April 2008, as amended to 25 October 2013, Learning Unit 2, pp. 52–54 and 56–57.