القاعدة ذات الصلة
South Africa
Practice Relating to Rule 111. Protection of the Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked against Pillage and Ill-Treatment
Section A. General
South Africa’s LOAC Teaching Manual (2008) states:
1.3 Relationship between LOAC [law of armed conflict] and Human Rights Law and Fundamental Protection Provided under LOAC.
Certain fundamental rights under Human Rights Law may never be violated, but others may be restricted or derogated from under certain conditions. No provision is made in the LOAC for derogation of rights offered under common article 3 of the [1949] Geneva Conventions.
1.4 Different Types of armed Conflict and those bound by LOAC
Application: Civil Wars and Non-International Armed Conflicts
Current Op[]inio Juris on Common Article 3 [of the 1949] Geneva Conventions. This article determines that, in the case of armed conflicts not of an international character, each Party to the conflict shall be bound to apply certain minimum rules. Although originally written for situations of non-international armed conflict, the current legal opinion is that its contents are so fundamental that it is applicable in both international and non-international armed conflicts. The minimum rules contained in Common article 3 [of the] Geneva Conventions are the following:
- Persons taking no active part in the hostilities, including members of armed forces who have laid down their arms and those placed hors de combat by sickness, wounds, detention, or any other cause, shall in all circumstances be treated humanely, without any adverse distinction founded on race, colour, religion or faith, sex, birth or wealth, or any other similar criteria.
- To this end, the following acts are and shall remain prohibited at any time and in any place whatsoever with respect to the above-mentioned persons:
- Violence to life and person, in particular murder of all kinds, mutilation, cruel treatment and torture;
- Outrages upon personal dignity, in particular[] humiliating and degrading treatment[.] 
South Africa, Advanced Law of Armed Conflict Teaching Manual, School of Military Justice, 1 April 2008, as amended to 25 October 2013, Learning Unit 1, pp. 21, 23, 26 and 28–29.
The manual also states:
2.1 Basic Categories of Persons and Objects Recognised under the LOAC
d. Wounded, sick, shipwrecked, the dead and missing.
Search for Casualties
[1949] Geneva Convention I article 15 stipulates that the Parties to the conflict must, at all times, particularly after an engagement, without delay, take all possible measures to[:]
- search for and collect the wounded and sick;
- protect them against pillage and ill-treatment[.] 
South Africa, Advanced Law of Armed Conflict Teaching Manual, School of Military Justice, 1 April 2008, as amended to 25 October 2013, Learning Unit 2, pp. 52, 102, 103–104.