Practice Relating to Rule 2. Violence Aimed at Spreading Terror among the Civilian Population
Uruguay’s Basic Information for the Pre-Deployment of Personnel Involved in UN Stabilization Missions (2014), in a section entitled “The contribution of women to peace processes and the special protection due to women and children”, states:
In some places of conflict, sexual violence (rape, abuse, exploitation) against women and children is used as a weapon of war to terrorize, degrade and often annihilate populations, which is called a “crime against humanity” (one that attacks the conscience of all humanity), and those who commit sexual violence are subject to national or international law and receive very serious penalties. The Uruguayan contingents have performed outstanding actions in the protection against and repression of such crimes.
[emphasis in original]
Uruguay’s Law on Cooperation with the ICC (2006) states:
26.2. Persons and objects affected by the war crimes set out in the present provision are persons and objects which international law protects in international or internal armed conflict.
26.3. The following are war crimes:
37. … carrying out acts or threats with the objective to terrorize the civilian population.