Practice Relating to Rule 135. Children
Section A. Special protection
Ukraine’s IHL Manual (2004) states:
As concerns children, international humanitarian law envisages the following:
- the special protection to children who have not attained the age of fifteen years shall remain applicable to them even if they took a direct part in hostilities and are captured.
In 2008, in its first periodic report to the Committee on the Rights of the Child under the 2000 Optional Protocol on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict, Ukraine stated:
The State is taking all feasible measures to ensure the protection of the rights of children in zones affected by military operation or armed conflict, and their care, giving them financial, medical and other kinds of assistance.
Ukraine also stated:
Ukraine is concerned by the massive impact that armed conflict has on children and … on the initiative of the Government of Ukraine, three groups of Iraqi children (109 individuals) who were living in a zone of armed conflict were offered medical services and social rehabilitation from September to November 2004. The case received broad media coverage, won public support and helped improve the international image of Ukraine.