Practice Relating to Rule 106. Conditions for Prisoner-of-War Status
Section B. Levée en masse
Ukraine’s IHL Manual (2004) states that prisoner-of-war status is provided to, among others:
Inhabitants of a non-occupied territory, who on the approach of the enemy spontaneously take up arms to resist the invading forces, without having had time to form themselves into regular armed units (provided they carry arms openly and respect the rules of international humanitarian law).