القاعدة ذات الصلة
Thailand
Practice Relating to Rule 131. Treatment of Displaced Persons
In 2011, in its combined third and fourth periodic reports to the Committee on the Rights of the Child, Thailand stated:
Children in temporary shelters for displaced persons fleeing armed conflict
100. Thailand adheres to the principle of non-refoulement of displaced persons fleeing armed conflict, protecting them from forced repatriation to areas of danger. Currently, there are nine temporary shelters designated for this group of people in four Northern provinces and along the Thai-Myanmar borders. Temporary refuge has been granted to 140,000 displaced people based on humanitarian principles pending safe return to the country of origin. However, many of these people have been taking refuge in Thailand for generations and are still unable to return to their countries due to possible threats to their safety, obliging Thailand to continue to provide care and services to them. Some groups have been residing in these areas for more than 30 years.
101. The aim of Thailand’s policy towards displaced persons fleeing armed conflict is to provide assistance on a humanitarian basis pending eventual repatriation. While taking refuge in the temporary shelters, displaced persons are forbidden to go out of the designated areas or take any actions that might jeopardize the relationships with Thailand’s neighbors. The management of the camps follows strict guidelines and takes into account the observations and concerns of the CRC Committee [Committee on the Rights of the Child].
102. Some of the measures taken to ensure proper care and treatment of these people are:
(a) The establishment of a committee, consisting of representative[s] from relevant agencies, tasked with providing care for displaced persons in temporary refuge and determining [a] long-term plan aimed at eventual repatriation or settlement in a third country;
(b) Selection of areas for setting up camps that are near to the border, connecting to the country of origin, and produce the least possible impact on the environment and Thai population;
(c) Development of profile and personal records for care and repatriation;
(f) Cooperation with 17 private organizations and international organizations in providing care and welfare services to displace[d] persons … ;
(i) Organization of internal administration of the camps through a committee, consisting of 15 representatives from displaced persons themselves, responsible for different aspects of daily living and coordinating with authorities from Thailand on registration and safety issue[s] and with NGOs on daily living and care. 
Thailand, Combined third and fourth periodic reports to the Committee on the Rights of the Child, 14 September 2011, UN Doc. CRC/C/THA/3-4, submitted 11 July 2011, §§ 100–102(a)–(c), (f) and (i).
In 2011, in its combined third and fourth periodic reports to the Committee on the Rights of the Child, Thailand stated:
Children in temporary shelters for displaced persons fleeing armed conflict
101. The aim of Thailand’s policy towards displaced persons fleeing armed conflict is to provide assistance on a humanitarian basis pending eventual repatriation. While taking refuge in the temporary shelters, displaced persons are forbidden to go out of the designated areas or take any actions that might jeopardize the relationships with Thailand’s neighbors. The management of the camps follows strict guidelines and takes into account the observations and concerns of the CRC Committee [Committee on the Rights of the Child].
102. Some of the measures taken to ensure proper care and treatment of these people are:
(d) Protection against human trafficking by imposing restriction of their mobility outside the camps and taking strict legal actions against those attempting to lure or persuade them to seek employment outside;
(e) Strict patrolling and supervision of the camps and nearby areas to safeguard against procurement of weapons[.] 
Thailand, Combined third and fourth periodic reports to the Committee on the Rights of the Child, 14 September 2011, UN Doc. CRC/C/THA/3-4, submitted 11 July 2011, §§ 101 and 102(d)–(e).
In 2004, in its second periodic report to the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child, Thailand stated:
[C]hildren accompanying their parents or unaccompanied children will be treated in the same way as their parents and other displaced persons. They will receive treatment based on humanitarian principles, and provided with accommodation, food, education, health and medical care. Such services are provided by NGOs under the close supervision of the Government. 
Thailand, Second periodic report of Thailand to the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child, 31 May 2005, UN Doc. CRC/C/83/Add.15, submitted 7 June 2004, § 168.
In 2005, in reply to a list of issues raised by the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child, Thailand stated:
The Cabinet Resolution issued on 5 July 2005 … requires the Ministry of Education to provide appropriate forms of education for children from neighbouring countries who have fled armed conflicts. 
Thailand, Written replies by the Government of Thailand concerning the List of Issues received by the Committee on the Rights of the Child relating to the Consideration of the Second Periodic Report of Thailand, UN Doc. CRC/C/THA/Q/2/Add.1, 29 December 2005, p. 19.
In 2009, in its initial report to the Committee on the Rights of the Child under the Optional Protocol on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict, Thailand stated:
37. Preventive measures taken by Thailand with regards to at-risk children, including street children, orphans, disadvantaged children, stateless children, displaced children and children having fled armed conflict, include:
B.2.Public health services
41. Other welfare services, health care, etc. are provided to all children indiscriminately, including children who are illegal immigrants. … Children fleeing armed conflicts in temporary shelters are provided basic health care by the Ministry of Interior and NGOs. 
Thailand, Initial report to the Committee on the Rights of the Child under the Optional Protocol on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict, 19 July 2011, UN Doc. CRC/C/OPAC/THA/1, submitted 30 October 2009, §§ 37 and 41.
In 2011, in its combined third and fourth periodic reports to the Committee on the Rights of the Child, Thailand stated:
Children in temporary shelters for displaced persons fleeing armed conflict
101. The aim of Thailand’s policy towards displaced persons fleeing armed conflict is to provide assistance on a humanitarian basis pending eventual repatriation. While taking refuge in the temporary shelters, displaced persons are forbidden to go out of the designated areas or take any actions that might jeopardize the relationships with Thailand’s neighbors. The management of the camps follows strict guidelines and takes into account the observations and concerns of the CRC Committee [Committee on the Rights of the Child].
102. Some of the measures taken to ensure proper care and treatment of these people are:
(d) Protection against human trafficking by imposing restriction of their mobility outside the camps and taking strict legal actions against those attempting to lure or persuade them to seek employment outside;
105. Protection of children and women in temporary refuge, apart from measures against the threat of human trafficking, includes bringing in international justice procedures, under a pilot project initiated by UNHCR during 2006–2007 in cooperation with [the] Rights and Liberties Protection Department and the MOI [Ministry of Interior]. There had been incidents of violence and crimes committed in the camps, in which customary laws and procedures could not provide adequate protection and rehabilitation to victims, who were often women and children. Long-term measures in this regard will need further attention from Thailand. 
Thailand, Combined third and fourth periodic reports to the Committee on the Rights of the Child, 14 September 2011, UN Doc. CRC/C/THA/3-4, submitted 11 July 2011, §§ 101, 102(d) and 105.
In 2011, in its combined third and fourth periodic reports to the Committee on the Rights of the Child, Thailand stated:
Children in temporary shelters for displaced persons fleeing armed conflict
101. The aim of Thailand’s policy towards displaced persons fleeing armed conflict is to provide assistance on a humanitarian basis pending eventual repatriation. While taking refuge in the temporary shelters, displaced persons are forbidden to go out of the designated areas or take any actions that might jeopardize the relationships with Thailand’s neighbors. The management of the camps follows strict guidelines and takes into account the observations and concerns of the CRC Committee [Committee on the Rights of the Child].
102. Some of the measures taken to ensure proper care and treatment of these people are:
(f) Cooperation with 17 private organizations and international organizations in providing care and welfare services to displace[d] persons[.] 
Thailand, Combined third and fourth periodic reports to the Committee on the Rights of the Child, 14 September 2011, UN Doc. CRC/C/THA/3-4, submitted 11 July 2011, §§ 101 and 102(f).