القاعدة ذات الصلة
Togo
Practice Relating to Rule 145. Reprisals
Section D. Order at the highest authority of government
Togo’s Military Manual (1996) states that reprisals “may only be used if: … they are ordered at a high level”. 
Togo, Le Droit de la Guerre, III fascicules, Etat-major Général des Forces Armées Togolaises, Ministère de la Défense nationale, 1996, Fascicule III, p. 13.