القاعدة ذات الصلة
Togo
Practice Relating to Rule 145. Reprisals
Section B. Reasonable notice and measure of last resort
Togo’s Military Manual (1996) states that reprisals “may only be used if: … a prior warning is given”. 
Togo, Le Droit de la Guerre, III fascicules, Etat-major Général des Forces Armées Togolaises, Ministère de la Défense nationale, 1996, Fascicule III, p. 13.