Practice Relating to Rule 139. Respect for International Humanitarian Law
Togo’s Military Manual (1996) states that every combatant must “respect and ensure respect in all circumstances for the laws and customs of war, that means the law of the war”.
The manual emphasizes that: “The commander of forces engaged in a military operation is responsible for ensuring respect for the law of war.”
The manual further states:
If the duty of the commander is to ensure respect for and the application of the law of war in all circumstances, it is important for the soldier to know and to understand that this law aims to limit and alleviate to the greatest extent possible the calamities of war.