Practice Relating to Rule 74. Chemical Weapons
In 2004, in its second periodic report to the Committee on the Rights of the Child, Saudi Arabia stated:
The laws in force in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia … [outlaw] the deployment of chemical and bacteriological weapons during military operations in accordance with the 1925 Geneva [Gas] Protocol and the 1949 Geneva Conventions.
In 1966, during a debate in the First Committee of the UN General Assembly, Saudi Arabia “whole-heartedly supported [a] Hungarian draft resolution” according to which the UN General Assembly would declare that “the use of chemical … weapons for the purpose of destroying human beings and the means of their existence constituted an international crime”.
In 1968, during a debate in the First Committee of the UN General Assembly, Saudi Arabia advocated a total prohibition on the use and production of chemical weapons.
In 1969, during a debate in the First Committee of the UN General Assembly on the question of chemical and bacteriological (biological) weapons and on what was to become Resolution 2603 (XXIV), the representative of Saudi Arabia stated:
107. … Stockpiles of chemical weapons [should] be destroyed by all who have them in their arsenals. I would go further: they should not even be manufactured, let alone stockpiled …
108. The [1925 Geneva Gas Protocol] is unequivocal in considering the use of all poison gases and toxic chemical agents to be prohibited …
110. … I hope that in the future the United Nations will consider the use of any gas or germ as a criminal act.
In 1995, during a debate in the First Committee of the UN General Assembly, Saudi Arabia stated that it supported “all treaties and conventions that aim at eliminating all types of weapons of mass destruction, including chemical weapons”.
At the First Conference of States Parties to the Chemical Weapons Convention in 1997, Saudi Arabia stated its commitment to the goals and provisions of the 1993 Chemical Weapons Convention, but also said it understood why some of the Arab States had not signed or ratified the Convention on the grounds that Israel refused to get rid of its nuclear weapons.