Practice Relating to Rule 34. Journalists
The Russian Federation’s Regulations on the Application of IHL (2001) states:
means persons who are not members of the armed forces and who are on professional missions in areas of armed conflicts. Journalists are considered civilians and enjoy protection stipulated by international humanitarian law on condition that they do not commit any acts incompatible with their civilian status.
In its judgment in the Situation in Chechnya case
in 1995, the Russian Federation’s Constitutional Court held that several orders and decrees issued by the Russian Government in 1994 which deprived journalists working in the conflict zone of their accreditation were unconstitutional.