Practice Relating to Rule 22. The Principle of Precautions against the Effects of Attacks
The Russian Federation’s Military Manual (1990) requires that commanders, in peacetime, “envisage all possible measures to protect the civilian population”.
The Russian Federation’s Regulations on the Application of IHL (2001) states: “To the greatest possible extent … precautions shall be taken to protect the civilian population, individual civilians and civilian objects against the effects of combat operations.”
In 2008, in a statement before the UN Security Council on the protection of civilians in armed conflict, the permanent representative of the Russian Federation stated:
The protection of civilians must be the highest priority for Governments involved in conflicts. We emphasize that all parties to armed conflict bear responsibility for ensuring the security of civilians.
The United Nations must rapidly and effectively respond to incidents of violence against civilians and to the destruction of civilian facilities during armed conflict.