Practice Relating to the Prohibition of Certain Types of Landmines
The Russian Federation’s Military Manual (1990) prohibits the use of weapons that are by nature indiscriminate or which cause unnecessary suffering. It refers to the 1980 Protocol II to the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons.
The Russian Federation’s Regulations on the Application of IHL (2001) states:
The following shall be prohibited to use in the course of combat operations:
- mines, booby-traps or other devices specially designed to detonate the munition by the presence of mine detectors as a result of their magnetic or other non-contact influence during normal use in detection operations;
- any self-deactivating mines equipped with an anti-handling device that is capable of functioning after the mine has ceased to be capable of functioning;
- anti-personnel mines which are not detectable by commonly available mine detectors;
- remotely-delivered mines that do not meet the technical requirements fixed in a proper international treaty.
Prior to the international conference on New Steps for a Mine-Free Future: Political, Military and Humanitarian Aspects, held in Moscow in May 1998, the Russian Federation stated in a press release issued by the Ministry of Defence that it was “in favour of a complete prohibition of antipersonnel landmines” and that it supported “a stage-by-stage and gradual progress towards this goal”.