Practice Relating to Rule 90. Torture and Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment
Romania’s Soldiers’ Manual (1991) provides that captured combatants and civilians “shall not be subjected to physical or mental torture … or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment”.
Romania’s Law on the Punishment of War Criminals (1945) provides that “criminals of war” are persons who:
inhumanely treated prisoners and hostages of war, … ordered or committed acts of cruelty with regard to the population of the territory affected by war, … [treated inhumanely the supervised] prisoners [in camps], including those interned, deported, imprisoned for political purposes, or who have been convicted and are doing forced labour.
Romania’s Penal Code (1968) provides for the punishment of inhuman treatment or torture of the wounded, sick and shipwrecked, members of civil medical services, the Red Cross or similar organizations, prisoners of war, or of all persons in the hands of the adverse party.