القاعدة ذات الصلة
Poland
Practice Relating to Rule 92. Mutilation and Medical, Scientific or Biological Experiments
Poland’s Constitution (1997) states: “No one shall be subjected to scientific experimentation, including medical experimentation, without his voluntary consent.” 
Poland, Constitution, 1997, Article 39.
Poland’s Penal Code (1997) provides for the punishment of any person who, in violation of international law, carries out scientific experiments on persons hors de combat, protected persons and persons enjoying international protection. 
Poland, Penal Code, 1997, Article 123(2); see also Article 118(1) (causing serious harm to health as part of a genocide campaign).
In the Hoess case in 1947, the Supreme National Tribunal of Poland convicted individuals charged with committing “medical war crimes”, including “castration experiments, experiments intended to produce sterilization, premature termination of pregnancy and other experiments on pregnant or child-bearing women, experiments of artificial insemination, [and] experiments aimed at cancer research”. 
Poland, Supreme National Tribunal at Poznan, Hoess case, Judgement, 11–29 March 1947.
In 2004, in its fifth periodic report to the Human Rights Committee, Poland stated that “article 39 of the Constitution provides that no one shall be subject to scientific experimentation, including medical experimentation, without his voluntary consent”. 
Poland, Fifth periodic report to the Human Rights Committee, UN Doc. CCPR/C/POL/2004/5, 26 January 2004, § 115.