Practice Relating to Rule 116. Accounting for the Dead
Section E. Information concerning the dead
The Military Instructions (1989) of the Philippines provides that, upon evacuation of the deceased to the nearest morgue, “the next of kin if at all possible” should be informed.
The Philippine Army Soldier’s Handbook on Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law (2006) provides:
After an engagement:
3. Report the circumstances of the death or wounding of the enemies. If it is possible and the circumstances permit, report to your superiors in writing the detailed circumstances of the death or wounding of the enemy.
4. Identify the dead.
Pursue the identification of the dead. Enemy forces often bring with them documents that carry their identities. After identification, inform the nearest of kin and respect their cultural traditions.
The Report on the Practice of the Philippines notes that it is the practice in the Philippines during clashes between government troops and insurgent forces for the military to account for the number of dead insurgents and of those taken prisoner. The information collected is then passed on to the authorities with a view to transmitting the names of the missing to the rebel side. This notification is, however, frequently subject to delay.