Practice Relating to Rule 41. Export and Return of Cultural Property in Occupied Territory
Section B. Return of cultural property exported or taken from occupied territory
Peru’s IHL Manual (2004) states: “Cultural objects moved during the armed conflict must be returned to the party to the conflict in whose territory they were located before the armed conflict.”
Peru’s IHL and Human Rights Manual (2010) states: “Cultural objects moved during the armed conflict must be returned to the party to the conflict in whose territory they were previously located.”
Peru’s Regulations to the General Law on the Cultural Heritage of the Nation (2006) states:
In the event of an armed conflict, restitution and/or recovery of cultural property shall be carried out in accordance with the provisions of the 1954 Hague Convention [for the Protection of Cultural Property] and its two protocols of 1954 and 1999. In such a case, competent authorities shall reciprocally facilitate the process of restitution and/or recovery of cultural property belonging to the cultural heritage of another State (obtained in violation of international law in the context of an armed conflict) if the property is located on Peruvian territory.