القاعدة ذات الصلة
Peru
Practice Relating to Rule 29. Medical Transports
Section A. Respect for and protection of medical transports
Peru’s IHL Manual (2004) states:
a. Definitions
Medical transportation means the conveyance by land, water or air of the wounded, sick, shipwrecked, medical personnel, religious personnel, medical equipment or medical supplies.
Medical transports means any means of transportation, whether military or civilian, permanent or temporary, assigned exclusively to medical transportation and under the control of a competent authority of a party to the conflict.
Medical transports can be:
(1) permanent, when they are assigned exclusively to medical purposes for an indeterminate period;
(2) temporary, when they are devoted exclusively to medical purposes for limited periods.
It should be noted that all medical transports, whether permanent or temporary, must be assigned exclusively to medical purposes in order to be entitled to protection …
b. Respect and protection
Medical transports must be respected and protected. Respecting them means refraining from attacking or damaging them or preventing their passage. 
Peru, Manual de Derecho Internacional Humanitario para las Fuerzas Armadas, Resolución Ministerial Nº 1394-2004-DE/CCFFAA/CDIH-FFAA, Lima, 1 December 2004, § 87.a and b.
The manual further states “It is prohibited to move … medical transports … or take advantage of their presence to shield certain areas or military objectives from military operations.” 
Peru, Manual de Derecho Internacional Humanitario para las Fuerzas Armadas, Resolución Ministerial Nº 1394-2004-DE/CCFFAA/CDIH-FFAA, Lima, 1 December 2004, § 27.e.(10).
Peru
Peru’s IHL and Human Rights Manual (2010) states:
78. Medical means of transport
a. Definitions
Medical transportation means the conveyance by land, water or air of the wounded, sick, shipwrecked, medical personnel, religious personnel, medical equipment or medical supplies.
Medical transports means any means of transportation, whether military or civilian, permanent or temporary, assigned exclusively to medical transportation and under the control of a competent authority of a party to the conflict.
Medical transports can be:
(1) permanent, when they are assigned exclusively to medical purposes for an indeterminate period;
(2) temporary, when they are devoted exclusively to medical purposes for limited periods.
It should be noted that all medical transports, whether permanent or temporary, must be assigned exclusively to medical purposes in order to be entitled to protection …
b. Respect and protection
Medical transports must be respected and protected. Respecting them means refraining from attacking or damaging them or preventing their passage, that is to say allow them to carry out their designated task. Protecting them presupposes taking action to ensure their respect, which may mean to assist them against third parties or to defend them should this be necessary.
The obligation to respect medical means of transport does not ease unless they are used to commit acts harmful to the enemy (such as transporting soldiers in service or ammunition). 
Peru, Manual de Derecho Internacional Humanitario y Derechos Humanos para las Fuerzas Armadas, Resolución Ministerial No. 049-2010/DE/VPD, Lima, 21 May 2010, § 78, pp. 278–279.
The manual also states that it “is prohibited to move … medical transports … or take advantage of their presence to shield certain areas or military objectives from military operations.” 
Peru, Manual de Derecho Internacional Humanitario y Derechos Humanos para las Fuerzas Armadas, Resolución Ministerial No. 049-2010/DE/VPD, Lima, 21 May 2010, § 28(e)(3), p. 239.
Peru’s Military and Police Criminal Code (2010), in a chapter entitled “Crimes against humanitarian operations and emblems”, states:
A member of the military or the police shall be punished with deprivation of liberty of not less than six years and not more than twenty-five years if, in a state of emergency and when the Armed Forces assume control of the internal order, he or she:
2. Attacks medical … means of transport which are identified with protective signs of the [1949] Geneva Conventions in accordance with International Humanitarian Law. 
Peru, Military and Police Criminal Code, 2010, Article 95(2).