القاعدة ذات الصلة
Peru
Practice Relating to Rule 132. Return of Displaced Persons
Peru’s Law on Internal Displacement (2004) states:
The competent authorities have the primary duty and responsibility to establish the conditions and to provide the means to allow internally displaced persons to return voluntarily, in safety and with dignity, to their homes or places of habitual residence, or to resettle voluntarily in another part of the country. 
Peru, Law on Internal Displacement, 2004, Article 14(1).
Peru’s Regulations to the Law on Internal Displacement (2005) define “reintegration or integration” as:
the process by which a lasting solution to the problem that caused the displacement is sought by taking medium- and long-term actions and measures with a view to creating the [necessary] conditions for the social and economic sustainability of the returned or resettled displaced population and for achieving reconciliation and a culture of peace. 
Peru, Regulations to the Law on Internal Displacement, 2005, Article 4(4).
The Regulations also states:
Internally displaced persons who return to their places of habitual residence or who have resettled in another part of the country have a right to:
m) Be protected against forced return to or resettlement in a place where their lives, security, freedom or health may be at risk. 
Peru, Regulations to the Law on Internal Displacement, 2005, Article 6(m).
Peru’s IHL Manual (2004) states:
When the tactical situation permits, the armed forces must cooperate, as far as possible, to ensure that normal conditions are restored, so that the civilian population can return to normal after the conflict.
Commanders and their subordinates must contribute to restoring normal conditions for the civilian population by:
a. rehabilitating combat zones (removal of obstacles and dangerous objects, such as mines);
b. ensuring the return of people and objects to their usual places and reintegration;
c. repairing damage according to established priorities;
d. returning objects used or taken by the armed forces for combat purposes (as a result of mobilization) to their owners;
e. providing relief to civilians in need and the population in general;
f. providing means of transport;
g. restoring essential public services as a means of preventing epidemics and the spread of infectious and contagious diseases. 
Peru, Manual de Derecho Internacional Humanitario para las Fuerzas Armadas, Resolución Ministerial Nº 1394-2004-DE/CCFFAA/CDIH-FFAA, Lima, 1 December 2004, § 66.
Peru’s IHL and Human Rights Manual (2010) states:
When the tactical situation permits, the armed forces must cooperate, as far as possible, to ensure that normal conditions are restored, so that the civilian population can return to normal after the conflict.
Commanders and their subordinates must contribute to restoring normal conditions for the civilian population by:
a. rehabilitating combat zones (removal of obstacles and dangerous objects, such as mines);
b. ensuring the return of people and objects to their usual place and their reintegration;
c. repairing damage according to established priorities;
d. returning objects used or taken by the armed forces for combat purposes (as a result of mobilization) to their owners;
e. providing relief to civilians in need and the population in general;
f. providing means of transport;
g. restoring essential public services as a means of preventing epidemics and the spread of infectious and contagious diseases. 
Peru, Manual de Derecho Internacional Humanitario y Derechos Humanos para las Fuerzas Armadas, Resolución Ministerial No. 049-2010/DE/VPD, Lima, 21 May 2010, § 67, p. 268.
In post-conflict situations, the AFP [Armed Forces of the Philippines] shall be an active partner in the sustainable reintegration of IDPs [internally displaced persons] at their place of origin or where they would choose to resettle and continue on with productive lives. 
Philippines, Internal Peace and Security Plan “Bayanihan, General Headquarters, Armed Forces of the Philippines, Quezon City, The Philippines, 2010, p. 29.
Peru’s Law on Internal Displacement (2004) states that the authorities responsible for the voluntary return or resettlement of internally displaced persons “shall endeavour to facilitate the reintegration of returned or resettled internally displaced persons”. 
Peru, Law on Internal Displacement, 2004, Article 14(1).
The Law also states: “To the extent possible, the full participation of internally displaced persons in the planning and management of their return or resettlement and reintegration must be ensured.” 
Peru, Law on Internal Displacement, 2004, Article 14(2).
Peru’s Regulations to the Law on Internal Displacement (2005) states with regard to the process of returning or resettling internally displaced persons:
The intermediate stage … refers to the transfer phase in which the following activities are carried out:
1. Make sure the necessary logistics are in place for the transport [of internally displaced persons] in conditions of emotional and physical safety and with the support of a specialized technical team, the Armed Forces and the Police; and
2. Transfer … food, clothing and first aid kits. 
Peru, Regulations to the Law on Internal Displacement, 2005, Article 32(1)–(2).
The Regulations also states concerning the process of returning or resettling internally displaced persons:
The resolution stage (after the displacement) refers to the execution of activities aimed at consolidating the reintegration of the internally displaced persons through:
1. Basic initial services in order to support the transition phase as long as farming does not generate immediate income. … [This] includes the provision of food, medicine for … a first aid kit, blankets, farming material to kick-start production, material for manual and semi-industrial work, shelter programmes and assistance in the resolution of after-effects.
2. Promotion of local economic activity through the identification and strengthening of the capacities for social and communal organization and production as well as the execution of social and agricultural infrastructure programmes and projects in order to reactivate the community’s productive economic basis and for the reconstruction of a social fabric;
3. Significant importance must be given at this stage to actions taken for the definition of priorities with the participation of both the resident and the returning displaced population, thus creating a Care Programme for the area.
4. The area’s Care Programme shall consider providing, among others, assistance in the fields of mental health, access to land, housing and development programmes in order to ensure a sustainable reintegration; and,
5. The implementation of a monitoring and evaluation system. 
Peru, Regulations to the Law on Internal Displacement, 2005, Article 33(1)–(5).
In 1996, during a debate in the UN Commission on Human Rights on the issue of internal displacement, Peru reported that “the government [of Peru] was conducting a major resettlement programme, including specific projects in the areas of health, education, communications and emergency assistance”. 
Peru, Statement before the UN Commission on Human Rights, UN Doc. E/CN.4/1996/SR.39, 15 April 1996, § 19.
Peru’s Regulations to the Law on Internal Displacement (2005) states:
The initial stage [of returning or resettling internally displaced persons] … refers to the phase before the transfer [of internally displaced persons] in which the following actions are carried out:
3. Evaluation of the return or resettlement zone with the participation of representatives of internally displaced persons, which includes the definition of actions, conditions and requirements necessary to facilitate the process of integration and reconciliation and to prevent possible conflicts. 
Peru, Regulations to the Law on Internal Displacement, 2005, Article 31(3).
Peru’s Law on Internal Displacement (2004) states:
Internally displaced persons who have returned to their homes or places of habitual residence or who have resettled in another part of the country shall not be discriminated against as a result of their having been displaced. They have the right to participate fully and equally in public affairs at all levels and have equal access to public services. 
Peru, Law on Internal Displacement, 2004, Article 17(1).
Peru’s Regulations to the Law on Internal Displacement (2005) states:
Internally displaced persons who return to their places of habitual residence or who have resettled in another part of the country have a right to:
f) Be protected against … political persecution. 
Peru, Regulations to the Law on Internal Displacement, 2005, Article 6(f).