القاعدة ذات الصلة
Peru
Practice Relating to Rule 117. Accounting for Missing Persons
Section A. Search for missing persons
Peru’s IHL Manual (2004) states: “Each party to the conflict must endeavour to trace persons reported missing by an adverse party, which must provide all the relevant information on the missing persons in order to facilitate the search.” 
Peru, Manual de Derecho Internacional Humanitario para las Fuerzas Armadas, Resolución Ministerial Nº 1394-2004-DE/CCFFAA/CDIH-FFAA, Lima, 1 December 2004, § 68.a.
The manual further states:
As soon as the tactical situation permits, local area commanders should cooperate with the civilian authorities, with a view to restoring normal conditions for the population. This involves carrying out the following activities.
a. Emergency cooperation
The purpose of emergency cooperation is to save lives by:
(1) searching for victims and missing persons;
Cooperation can be spontaneous and organized locally at the lowest command levels, with the assistance, both at sea and on land, of civilians and civilian organizations, such as the components of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. 
Peru, Manual de Derecho Internacional Humanitario para las Fuerzas Armadas, Resolución Ministerial Nº 1394-2004-DE/CCFFAA/CDIH-FFAA, Lima, 1 December 2004, § 69.a.(1).
Peru’s IHL and Human Rights Manual (2010) states: “Each party to the conflict must endeavour to trace persons reported missing by an adverse party, which must provide all the relevant information on the missing persons in order to facilitate the search.” 
Peru, Manual de Derecho Internacional Humanitario y Derechos Humanos para las Fuerzas Armadas, Resolución Ministerial No. 049-2010/DE/VPD, Lima, 21 May 2010, § 69(a), p. 269.
The manual also states:
As soon as the tactical situation permits, local area commanders should cooperate with the civilian authorities, with a view to restoring normal conditions for the population. This involves carrying out the following activities.
a. Emergency cooperation
The purpose of emergency cooperation is to save lives by:
(1) searching for victims and missing persons;
Cooperation can be spontaneous and organized locally at the lowest command levels, with the assistance, both at sea and on land, of civilians and civilian organizations, such as the components of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. 
Peru, Manual de Derecho Internacional Humanitario y Derechos Humanos para las Fuerzas Armadas, Resolución Ministerial No. 049-2010/DE/VPD, Lima, 21 May 2010, § 70(a), p. 269.
Peru’s Directive on Investigations of Sites where Human Remains Were Discovered (2009) states:
II. Objective
Updating the norms and guidelines which regulate the investigation process of the Office of the Public Prosecutor as regards sites where human remains have been discovered and the search for persons who disappeared in Peru. 
Peru, Directive on Investigations of Sites where Human Remains Were Discovered, 2009, Article II.
The directive also states:
After the existence of a site where human remains are presumed has been brought to the attention of the prosecutor responsible for the area where the burial site is located, the prosecutor shall immediately initiate the investigation of the case, taking the present directive as guidance. 
Peru, Directive on Investigations of Sites where Human Remains Were Discovered, 2009, Article 1.
The directive further states:
The forensic investigation comprises the following stages:
1. Preliminary Forensic Investigation which includes the analysis of the files and the formulation of a working hypothesis that is briefly coordinated with the prosecutor in charge.
2. Location, evaluation and registration of the presumed site where human remains and associated elements have been located.
3. Recovery of the human remains and associated elements.
4. … [T]he safety of the recovered evidence (safekeeping).
5. Forensic analysis of the human remains and associated evidence in a laboratory.
6. Analysis of the ante-mortem and post-mortem information with a view to identifying the body or bodies.
7. Genetic analysis of the human remains to identify family members.
8. Drafting of the final forensic report which must be comprehensive. 
Peru, Directive on Investigations of Sites where Human Remains Were Discovered, 2009, Article 8.
According to the Report on the Practice of Peru, during the international armed conflict between Peru and Ecuador in 1995, Peru carried out search and rescue operations to recover missing Peruvian aircraft crews. 
Report on the Practice of Peru, 1999, Chapter 5.2.