Practice Relating to Rule 61. Improper Use of Other Internationally Recognized Emblems
Norway’s Military Penal Code (1902), as amended in 1981, provides:
Anyone who contravenes or is accessory to the contravention of provisions relating to the protection of persons or property laid down in … the two additional protocols to [the 1949 Geneva] Conventions … is liable to imprisonment.
Norway’s Penal Code (1902) provides that it is a punishable offence to use “without authority publicly or for an unlawful purpose … any badge or designation which by international agreement binding on Norway is designed for use in connection with … the protection of cultural values in war”.
Norway’s Penal Code (1902), as amended in 2008, states:
Any person is liable to punishment for a war crime who in connection with an armed conflict … makes improper use of … the specially protected distinctive emblems [of the Geneva Conventions and Additional Protocols or any other means of identification indicating that they are protected under the Geneva Conventions] resulting in death or serious injury.