Practice Relating to Rule 55. Access for Humanitarian Relief to Civilians in Need
Section B. Impediment of humanitarian relief
The Military Manual (2005) of the Netherlands states: “Only in the case of imperative military necessity may the activities of the relief personnel be limited.”
In its chapter on non-international armed conflict, the manual states: “It is expressly prohibited to wilfully deny access to necessary and available food, drinking water, medicines or medical treatment.”
Under the International Crimes Act (2003) of the Netherlands, “intentionally using starvation of civilians as a method of warfare by depriving them of objects indispensable to their survival, including wilfully impeding relief supplies as provided for under the Geneva Conventions” is a crime, when committed in an international armed conflict.