Practice Relating to Rule 29. Medical Transports
Section C. Respect for and protection of hospital ships
The Military Manual (1993) of the Netherlands states: “Medical transport and medical means of transportation (vehicles, ships and aircraft) must be respected and protected.”
The manual repeats this rule with respect to non-international armed conflicts.
The Military Handbook (1995) of the Netherlands provides: “Medical transports may not be attacked … Medical transports, whether on water, on land or in the air, must also be respected. Such transport may not, however, be used as normal military transport.”