القاعدة ذات الصلة
Nigeria
Practice Relating to Rule 53. Starvation as a Method of Warfare
Under Nigeria’s Military Manual (1994), starvation of the civilian population is prohibited. 
Nigeria, International Humanitarian Law (IHL), Directorate of Legal Services, Nigerian Army, 1994, p. 42, § 11.
According to the Report on the Practice of Nigeria, the government was accused of using starvation as a method of warfare during the Nigerian civil war (1966–1970). 
Report on the Practice of Nigeria, 1997, Chapter 4.1, referring to Biafra offers truce to help peace talks, The Observer, 4 August 1968.
The government denied the allegations. 
Report on the Practice of Nigeria, 1997, Chapter 4.1, referring to Federal Ministry of Information, Press Release No. F 1290, Lagos, 11 July 1968.
According to the report, this denial confirms that Nigerian practice recognizes the protection of the civilian population against starvation. The report considers that Nigeria’s opinio juris is that the protection of the civilian population against starvation is part of customary international law. 
Report on the Practice of Nigeria, 1997, Chapter 4.1.