Practice Relating to Rule 131. Treatment of Displaced Persons
Section D. Specific needs of displaced women, children and elderly persons
In 2008, in its combined third and fourth periodic reports to the Committee on the Rights of the Child, Nigeria stated:
The armed conflicts in Sierra Leone and Liberia caused an influx of refugees into Nigeria, the bulk of them are women and children. The National Commission for Refugees (NCR) maintains a camp in Oru, Ogun State …
… National and [i]nternational CSOs [civil society organizations] have been able to augment government efforts towards the promotion and the protection of the rights of women and children within the camp. Refugee children enjoy equal rights as nationals with regards to all the rights enshrined in the CRC [1989 Convention on the Rights of the Child], for instance:
- Health & Nutrition: Refugee children have access to the national health services. Every year immunization against Polio, yellow fever, measles and other vaccine preventable diseases are conducted for all children and adults in the camp, through the National Expanded Programme of Immunization. Free pre-natal services were offered at the government hospitals in Ijebu-Ode and Oru for pregnant women. After delivery, children are immunized progressively from first week to the ninth week.
- Birth Registration:
Refugee children have access to birth registration through the National Population Commission.
II. RIGHTS OF INTERNALLY DISPLACED CHILDREN:
f. ID [Internally Displaced] children shall be entitled to good medical care and immunization against diseases that may cause death, retard their growth or affect their general wellbeing
h. This National Policy shall ensure that ID children are protected against torture, sexual exploitation, drug abuse as well as early and force[d] marriage before the age of 18.
III. RIGHTS OF INTERNALLY DISPLACED WOMEN:
Conscious of the fact that women are an especially vulnerable group among IDPS … the Federal government, though this National Policy, hereby adopts as follows:
b. Every woman in an IDP camp shall have the rights to her privacy;
c. Women in IDP camps shall not be subjected to any form of indignity; including beating, forced labour, sexual abuse, or forceful stripping either for medical examination or other reasons whatsoever without her consent;
d. Under no circumstance shall women and men be lumped together in a room except as husbands and wives or as members of the same family;
e. It is the policy of government to protect Internally Displaced Women from forced marriage. Thus, nobody shall determine the partner of, or the period within which internally displaced women ought to get married;
f. Women in IDP camps shall be entitled to hold any position of authority in camp without any form of discrimination;
g. Women in IDP camps shall be free to take micro-credit and other financial assistance with or without the consent of their husbands for economic self-reliance;
h. Women in IDP camps have the right to own property and disburse the property with or without the consent of their spouses;
i. Every woman in an IDP camp has the right to embark on any form of lawful economic activity of her choice to enhance her well-being and that of her family;
j. Women in IDP camps are entitled to self-development, particularly in the area of education and skill acquisition.
III. RIGHTS TO HEALTHCARE:
B. In every Internal Displacement camp, there shall be established a special regime for the protection and care of:
-the pregnant women