Practice Relating to Rule 129. The Act of Displacement
Nigeria’s Manual on the Laws of War states:
Grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions are considered as serious war crimes when committed against:
(c) persons and property protected under the Civilian Convention [the 1949 Geneva Convention IV]: unlawful deportation or transfer.
Nigeria’s Geneva Conventions Act (1960) punishes any person who “whether in or outside the Federation, … whatever his nationality, commits, or aids, abets or procures any other person to commit any such grave breach of any of the [1949 Geneva] Conventions”.
In 1994, during a debate in the UN Security Council, Nigeria condemned the forced displacement in Bosnia and Herzegovina.