القاعدة ذات الصلة
Mexico
Practice Relating to Rule 135. Children
Mexico’s Army and Air Force Manual (2009), in a section on the 1949 Geneva Convention III, states that “children under the age of fifteen who become prisoners of war must be treated with special respect and protected against any form of indecent assault.” 
Mexico, Manual de Derecho Internacional Humanitario para el Ejército y la Fuerza Área Mexicanos, Ministry of National Defence, June 2009, § 163.
In a section on the 1949 Geneva Convention IV, the manual states:
Children must receive the care and aid they require by reason of their age or for any other reason. All practicable measures must be taken … to ensure that those who have become orphaned or separated from their families as a result of the war are not left to their own resources and that their maintenance, the exercise of their religion … are facilitated in all circumstances. 
Mexico, Manual de Derecho Internacional Humanitario para el Ejército y la Fuerza Área Mexicanos, Ministry of National Defence, June 2009, § 215.
In the same section, the manual also states:
As far as children are concerned, it is provided that the occupying power, with the cooperation of national and local authorities, must facilitate the proper working of all institutions devoted to the care and education of children. It must take all necessary steps to facilitate the identification of children and the registration of their parentage. It may not, under any circumstances, change their personal status. 
Mexico, Manual de Derecho Internacional Humanitario para el Ejército y la Fuerza Área Mexicanos, Ministry of National Defence, June 2009, § 234(B).
In a section on the 1977 Additional Protocol I, the manual further states that this Protocol “establishes special measures for the protection … children”. 
Mexico, Manual de Derecho Internacional Humanitario para el Ejército y la Fuerza Área Mexicanos, Ministry of National Defence, June 2009, § 261; see also § 255.
Mexico’s Army and Air Force Manual (2009), in a section on the 1949 Geneva Convention IV, states: “All practicable measures must be taken … to ensure that those who have become orphaned or separated from their families as a result of the war are not left to their own resources and that … their education … [is] facilitated in all circumstances.” 
Mexico, Manual de Derecho Internacional Humanitario para el Ejército y la Fuerza Área Mexicanos, Ministry of National Defence, June 2009, § 215.
In the same section, the manual also states: “As far as children are concerned, it is provided that the occupying power, with the cooperation of national and local authorities, must facilitate the proper working of all institutions devoted to the care and education of children.” 
Mexico, Manual de Derecho Internacional Humanitario para el Ejército y la Fuerza Área Mexicanos, Ministry of National Defence, June 2009, § 234(B).
Mexico’s Army and Air Force Manual (2009), in a section on the 1949 Geneva Convention IV, states: “This Convention includes provisions for the parties to a conflict to make local agreements for the evacuation of … children … from besieged or encircled areas”. 
Mexico, Manual de Derecho Internacional Humanitario para el Ejército y la Fuerza Área Mexicanos, Ministry of National Defence, June 2009, § 209.
Mexico’s Army and Air Force Manual (2009) states: “In no case may this [death] penalty be pronounced on a protected person who was under the age of eighteen at the time the offence was committed”. 
Mexico, Manual de Derecho Internacional Humanitario para el Ejército y la Fuerza Área Mexicanos, Ministry of National Defence, June 2009, § 238(F).
In 2009, during a debate in the UN Security Council on children and armed conflict, the permanent representative of Mexico stated:
Mexico calls on the international community to strengthen its efforts to protect children, in particular, … to cooperate with and assist States that suffer the consequences of armed conflict in order to strengthen or establish programmes for the disarmament, demobilization, rehabilitation and reintegration of child soldiers into their communities and families. 
Mexico, Statement by the permanent representative of Mexico before the UN Security Council, 6114th meeting, UN Doc. S/PV.6114, 29 April 2009, p. 29.
In 2010, during a debate in the UN Security Council on children in armed conflict, Mexico’s Secretary of Foreign Affairs stated:
Mexico will continue to guide the work of the Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict inclusively and with determination and transparency until the end of its mandate as non-permanent member of the Security Council.
We would like to focus on five aspects … [including] supporting the establishment of comprehensive programmes to rehabilitate and reintegrate children in the ranks of armed groups into their families and communities, as well as preventing new violations and abuses against them. 
Mexico, Statement by the Secretary of Foreign Affairs of Mexico before the UN Security Council, 6341th meeting, UN Doc. S/PV.6341, 16 June 2010, p. 13.