Practice Relating to Rule 118. Provision of Basic Necessities to Persons Deprived of Their Liberty
Mexico’s Army and Air Force Manual (2009) states: “Prisoners of war may be interned only in premises … affording every guarantee of hygiene and healthfulness.”
The manual also states: “The detaining power assumes general responsibility for the life and welfare of prisoners of war, who must be kept in good health.”
The manual further states:
168. The [1949 Geneva] Convention [III] affirms the right of prisoners of war to receive relief.
169. Relief supplies may be individual or collective, but the Convention indicates a preference for relief parcels of a standard model, intended for all the prisoners in a camp and shared out among them by the prisoners’ representatives.
170. All relief shipments are exempt from import, customs and other dues. The experience acquired by the International Committee of the Red Cross and National Red Cross Societies in the course of the two World Wars is implicitly recognized.
In a section entitled “Basic rules of international humanitarian law applicable in armed conflicts”, the manual also states: “Captured combatants and civilians under the authority of an adverse party … have the right … to receive relief.”
Mexico’s IHL Guidelines (2009), in a section entitled “Basic rules of conduct in armed conflict”, states: “Provide prisoners … who are sick with the same medical attention as is provided to your own troops.”
Mexico’s Code of Military Justice (1933), as amended in 1996, states that persons who deprive detainees of necessary food or medical care may be imprisoned for up to two years.