Practice Relating to Rule 74. Chemical Weapons
Sri Lanka’s Chemical Weapons Convention Act (2007) states:
19. (1) Any person who—
(a) uses a chemical weapon;
(b) develops or produces a chemical weapon;
(c) acquires, stockpiles or retains a chemical weapon;
(d) transfers, directly or indirectly, any chemical weapon to another person;
(e) engages in any military preparations to use a chemical weapon;
(f) knowingly assists, encourages or induces, any prohibited activity; or
(g) uses any riot control agent as a method of warfare;
shall be guilty of an offence under this Act and be punished with imprisonment of either description for a period not exceeding twenty years and a fine not exceeding one million rupees.
47. In this Act unless the context otherwise requires –
“chemical weapon” means the following, together or separately: –
(a) toxic chemical and their precursors, except where intended for purposes not prohibited under the Convention, as long as the types and quantities are consistent with such purposes;
(b) munitions and devices, specifically designed to cause death or other harm through the toxic properties of those toxic chemicals specified in subparagraph (a), which would be released as a result of the employment of such munitions and devices; and
(c) Any equipment specifically designed for use directly in connection with the employment of munitions and devices specified in subparagraph (b).
In 1975, during discussions in the Ad Hoc Committee on Conventional Weapons established by the CDDH, Sri Lanka stated that it “had consistently stood for total and complete disarmament and for a ban on all weapons of mass destruction, including … chemical weapons”.
In 1977, during a debate in the First Committee of the UN General Assembly, Sri Lanka supported a complete ban on chemical weapons.
At the First Conference of States Parties to the Chemical Weapons Convention in 1997, Sri Lanka emphasized the importance of the 1993 Chemical Weapons Convention and stated its commitment and its determination to contribute actively to the realization of the Convention’s aims.
At the Fifth Conference of States Parties to the Chemical Weapons Convention in 2000, Sri Lanka stated that it neither possessed chemical weapons, nor had a chemical industry which could produce them.