Republic of Korea
Practice Relating to Rule 45. Causing Serious Damage to the Natural Environment
The Republic of Korea’s ICC Act (2007) provides for the punishment of anyone who commits the following war crime in both international and non-international armed conflicts:
[launching] an attack in the knowledge that such attack will cause widespread, long-term and severe damage to the natural environment which would be clearly excessive to the concrete and direct overall military advantage anticipated.
Referring to the Republic of Korea’s Military Law Manual (1996), the Report on the Practice of the Republic of Korea states that the 1976 ENMOD Convention applies only to contracting parties.
With respect to the Operational Law Manual (1996), the report states: “It is a principle not to use weapons injuring the natural environment.”