Practice Relating to Rule 36. Demilitarized Zones
Kenya’s LOAC Manual (1997), in a section entitled “Demilitarized Zones”, states:
These specific protected zones which are open to all non-combatants are regulated by an express agreement concluded verbally or in writing between the two Parties to the conflict. Such an agreement may be concluded in peacetime as well as after the outbreak of hostilities.
The conditions to be fulfilled by both demilitarized zones and non-defended localities are the same in practice. They are:
a) that all combatants as well as mobile weapons and mobile military equipment must be evacuated;
b) that no hostile use shall be made of fixed military installations or establishments;
c) that no acts of hostility shall be committed by the authorities or by the population; and
d) that any activity linked to the military effort must cease.
According to Kenya’s LOAC Manual (1997), demilitarized zones are protected from “attack and military operations”.