Practice Relating to Rule 107. Spies
Section A. Definition of spies
Kenya’s LOAC Manual (1997) defines spies as:
persons who, acting clandestinely or on false pretences, gather information in the territory of a belligerent party with the intent of communicating it to the enemy … If members of the armed forces gather intelligence in occupied territory, they may not be treated as spies provided they are in uniform.