Practice Relating to Rule 106. Conditions for Prisoner-of-War Status
Section C. Situations where combatants cannot distinguish themselves
Kenya’s LOAC manual (1997) states:
All combatants are required to distinguish themselves from the civilian population, usually by wearing uniform. However, where because of unusual combat conditions they are unable to do so, they do not lose their combatant status provided that they carry their arms openly
(a) during every military engagement and
(b) as long as they are visible to the enemy while engaged in a military deployment
, that is, in any movement towards a place from which or where a combat action is to take place.
[emphasis in original]