القاعدة ذات الصلة
Italy
Practice Related to Rule 95. Forced Labour
Section B. Compelling persons to serve in the forces of a hostile power
Italy’s IHL Manual (1991) forbids the compelling “of enemy soldiers to participate in military actions against their own country”. 
Italy, Manuale di diritto umanitario, Introduzione e Volume I, Usi e convenzioni di Guerra, SMD-G-014, Stato Maggiore della Difesa, I Reparto, Ufficio Addestramento e Regolamenti, Rome, 1991, Vol. I, § 11.
The manual provides: “The inhabitants of an occupied territory … shall not be enrolled into the national armed forces, or … provide services directly linked to the war.” 
Italy, Manuale di diritto umanitario, Introduzione e Volume I, Usi e convenzioni di Guerra, SMD-G-014, Stato Maggiore della Difesa, I Reparto, Ufficio Addestramento e Regolamenti, Rome, 1991, Vol. I, § 39.
The manual further states: “In no case shall civilian persons be compelled to carry out works which would oblige them to take part in military operations.” 
Italy, Manuale di diritto umanitario, Introduzione e Volume I, Usi e convenzioni di Guerra, SMD-G-014, Stato Maggiore della Difesa, I Reparto, Ufficio Addestramento e Regolamenti, Rome, 1991, Vol. I, § 48(11).
Italy’s Law of War Decree (1938), as amended in 1992, provides: “It is prohibited to compel your enemies to participate in actions of war against their own country”. 
Italy, Law of War Decree, 1938, as amended in 1992, Article 37.
The Law instructs soldiers: “You cannot implicate prisoners of war in work which would involve their participation in military operations.” 
Italy, Law of War Decree, 1938, as amended in 1992, Article 106(3).
The Law also states: “Enemies cannot, in any case, even if they used to serve the State before the outbreak of hostilities, be compelled to enlist in the armed forces of the State, or to render services directly linked to the war.” 
Italy, Law of War Decree, 1938, as amended in 1992, Article 281.
Italy’s Wartime Military Penal Code (1941) provides for the punishment of any member of the military who compels enemy nationals to take part in war actions against their own country. 
Italy, Wartime Military Penal Code, 1941, Article 182.