Practice Relating to Rule 36. Demilitarized Zones
Italy’s LOAC Elementary Rules Manual (1991) states:
Where protected zones or localities (… demilitarized zones …) have been agreed upon, the competent commanders shall issue instructions for action and behaviour near and towards such zones or localities.
The manual also provides: “Protected zones shall be respected.”
Italy’s IHL Manual (1991) qualifies “indiscriminate attacks against … demilitarized zones” as war crimes.