Practice Relating to Rule 25. Medical Personnel
Section A. Respect for and protection of medical personnel
Italy’s LOAC Elementary Rules Manual (1991) states: “Specifically protected persons may not participate directly in hostilities and may not be attacked.” Such persons include military and civilian medical personnel.
Italy’s Law of War Decree (1938), as amended in 1992, states that military medical personnel must be respected and protected “provided they are not committing acts of hostility”.