القاعدة ذات الصلة
Italy
Practice Relating to Rule 20. Advance Warning
Italy’s IHL Manual (1991) provides: “Except in case of military necessity, the commander of an attacking force, before commencing bombardment, must do his utmost to warn the local authorities.” 
Italy, Manuale di diritto umanitario, Introduzione e Volume I, Usi e convenzioni di Guerra, SMD-G-014, Stato Maggiore della Difesa, I Reparto, Ufficio Addestramento e Regolamenti, Rome, 1991, Vol. I, § 18.
Italy’s LOAC Elementary Rules Manual (1991) states: “When the mission permits, appropriate warning shall be given to civilian populations endangered by the direction of attack or by their proximity to military objectives.” 
Italy, Regole elementari di diritto di guerra, SMD-G-012, Stato Maggiore della Difesa, I Reparto, Ufficio Addestramento e Regolamenti, Rome, 1991, § 54; see also § 67.
Italy’s Law of War Decree (1938), as amended in 1992, states: “Except in case of military necessity, the commander of an attacking force, before commencing bombardment, must do his utmost to warn the local authorities.” 
Italy, Law of War Decree, 1938, as amended in 1992, Article 50.
Italy’s Wartime Military Penal Code (1941) punishes a commander who “omits, except where so required by military necessity, to take all possible steps to inform enemy authorities before commencing bombardment”. 
Italy, Wartime Military Penal Code, 1941, Article 178.