القاعدة ذات الصلة
Islamic Republic of Iran
Practice Relating to Rule 147. Reprisals against Protected Objects
According to the Report on the Practice of the Islamic Republic of Iran, during the Iran–Iraq War, Iranian authorities, including the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Parliament, condemned Iraqi attacks on civilian objects, which the Islamic Republic of Iran always regarded as war crimes. The report points out that the Islamic Republic of Iran always insisted that war must be limited to battlefronts and that it had no intention of attacking civilian objects. When Iraq accused the Islamic Republic of Iran of bombarding civilian targets, Iranian military communiqués denied these allegations and claimed that Iranian attacks were limited to military or economic facilities. 
Report on the Practice of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1997, Chapter 1.3.
According to the Report on the Practice of the Islamic Republic of Iran, during the Iran-Iraq War, the Islamic Republic of Iran offered a special protection to four Iraqi holy cities. Each time the Islamic Republic of Iran resorted to reprisals against Iraqi cities, it issued a statement asking Iraqi people to leave the cities to be attacked and go to the protected holy cities. According to the report, it committed itself not to attack these historic sites. 
Report on the Practice of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1997, Chapter 4.3.