القاعدة ذات الصلة
Iraq
Practice Relating to Rule 100. Fair Trial Guarantees
Section B. Trial by an independent, impartial and regularly constituted court
Iraq’s Law of the Supreme Iraqi Criminal Tribunal (2005) states: “The Tribunal shall enjoy complete independence.” 
Iraq, Law of the Supreme Iraqi Criminal Tribunal, 2005, Article 1(1).
The Law identifies the “passing of sentences and the carrying out of executions without previous judgment pronounced by a regularly constituted court, affording all recognized and indispensable judicial guarantees” as a war crime in any armed conflict when “committed against persons taking no active part in the hostilities, including members of armed forces who have laid down their arms and those placed hors de combat by sickness, injury, detention or any other cause”. 
Iraq, Law of the Supreme Iraqi Criminal Tribunal, 2005, Article 13(3)(D).