Practice Relating to Rule 1. The Principle of Distinction between Civilians and Combatants
Section C. Attacks against civilians
In 2008, in a statement on the situation in Sri Lanka, India’s Minister of External Affairs stated:
The situation in Sri Lanka remains a matter of grave concern to us in India. We are particularly worried about the humanitarian effect of the continuing conflict on civilians who have been caught up in circumstances not of their making. It is essential that … they be immune from attacks.
In 2008, in a statement in Parliament on the situation in Sri Lanka, India’s Minister of External Affairs stated:
The situation in Sri Lanka is of serious concern to the Government, in particular the deteriorating humanitarian situation in the northern part of Sri Lanka. We are concerned about the plight of the civilians caught in the hostilities … We have emphasised to the Sri Lankan Government that the safety and security of the civilians must be safeguarded at all costs.
In 2012, in an explanation of a vote at the 19th Special Session of the UN Human Rights Council on the human rights situation in Syria and the recent killings in El-Houla, India’s Ministry of External Affairs stated: “We strongly condemn the El-Houla incident, which has resulted in [the] death of over a hundred innocent civilians[,] including women and children[,] and have therefore intended to vote for this resolution [UN Human Rights Council Resolution A/HRC/RES/S-19/1 of 1 June 2012].”
In 2012, in a statement during a UN Security Council open debate on the protection of civilians in armed conflict, the permanent representative of India stated: “[T]he principle of protection of civilians must be applied in a uniform manner to all parties to a conflict.”
In 2012, in a statement during the UN Security Council debate on Libya and the International Criminal Court, the permanent representative of India stated: “India strongly condemns all acts of violence committed against civilians.”