Practice Relating to Rule 73. Biological Weapons
Hungary’s Law/Decree on the Prohibition of Biological Weapons (1975) prohibits the development, production, stockpiling and acquisition or retention of microbial or other biological agents, or toxins, weapons, equipment and means of delivery as specified in Article 1 of the 1972 Biological Weapons Convention.
Under Hungary’s Criminal Code (1978), as amended in 1998, employing “bacteriological methods of warfare” as set forth in the 1925 Geneva Gas Protocol is a war crime.
Hungary’s Criminal Code (1978), as amended in 2007, prohibits:
Bacteriological (biological) and toxin weapons as defined by Article 1 of the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological and Toxin Weapons and on their Destruction, adopted at Session XXVI of the United Nations on 10 December 1971 and promulgated by Law No. 11 of 1975.
In the preliminary stages of the First Review Conference of States Parties to the Biological Weapons Convention in 1980, Hungary declared that it
has never been in possession of any agents, toxins, weapons, equipment or means of delivery specified in article I of the Convention, and as a Party to the Convention has always complied and continues to comply fully and in good faith with [articles I, II, III, IV, V and X] of the Convention.