القاعدة ذات الصلة
Hungary
Practice Relating to Rule 1. The Principle of Distinction between Civilians and Combatants
Hungary’s Military Manual (1992) provides that a distinction must always be made between combatants and civilians. 
Hungary, A Hadijog, Jegyzet a Katonai, Föiskolák Hallgatói Részére, Magyar Honvédség Szolnoki Repülötiszti Föiskola, 1992, p. 60.
Hungary’s Military Manual (1992) states that armed forces are military objectives. 
Hungary, A Hadijog, Jegyzet a Katonai, Föiskolák Hallgatói Részére, Magyar Honvédség Szolnoki Repülötiszti Föiskola, 1992, p. 18.
According to Hungary’s Military Manual (1992), “attacks on the civilian population” constitute grave breaches and thus war crimes. 
Hungary, A Hadijog, Jegyzet a Katonai, Föiskolák Hallgatói Részére, Magyar Honvédség Szolnoki Repülötiszti Föiskola, 1992, p. 90.
Under Hungary’s Criminal Code (1978), as amended in 1998, a military commander who “pursues a war operation which causes serious damage to the life [and] health … of the civilian population” is guilty, upon conviction, of a war crime. 
Hungary, Criminal Code, 1978, as amended in 1998, Section 160(a); see also Section 158 (committing violence in an operational or occupied area against a civilian person).