القاعدة ذات الصلة
Georgia
Practice Relating to Rule 59. Improper Use of the Distinctive Emblems of the Geneva Conventions
Georgia’s Criminal Code (1960) punishes the “illegal use of the Red Cross and Red Crescent distinctive signs as well as their titles”. 
Georgia, Criminal Code, 1960, Article 224.
The Criminal Code also punishes the “use of Red Cross and Red Crescent signs in the zones of military operation by persons having no such right, as well as misuse in wartime of flags or signs of the Red Cross and Red Crescent or of the distinctive colours of sanitary evacuation transport”. 
Georgia, Criminal Code, 1960, Article 283.
Under Georgia’s Criminal Code (1999), any war crime provided for by the 1998 ICC Statute, which is not explicitly mentioned in the Code, such as “making improper use … of the distinctive emblems of the Geneva Conventions, resulting in death or serious personal injury” in international armed conflicts, is a crime. 
Georgia, Criminal Code, 1999, Article 413(d).
Georgia’s Criminal Code (1999), taking into account amendments up to 2017, states:
Intentional breach of the provisions of … international humanitarian law during armed conflicts between states or within a state, in particular:
f) improper use of … the Red Cross, the Red Crescent, the Red Crystal or other markings recognised under … international humanitarian law, which has resulted in human deaths or serious bodily injuries;
shall be punished by imprisonment for a term of ten to fifteen years. 
Georgia, Criminal Code, 1999, taking into account amendments up to 2017, Article 411(1)(f).
Georgia’s Law on the Georgia Red Cross Society (2017) states:
1. The [Georgia Red Cross] Society shall be authorized to use the red cross on a white background emblem and the designation “Red Cross” in conformity with the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and their [1977 and 2005] Additional Protocols, the [2017] “Law of Georgia on Use and Protection of Emblems and names of the Red Cross, Red Crescent and Red Crystal”, the present Law, the Regulation[s on the Use of the Emblem of the Red Cross or the Red Crescent by the National Societies] of the 20th International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent, and other relevant legislative and secondary normative acts.
2. The Society shall define rules and conditions under which it uses the Red Cross Emblem for both protective and distinctive purposes, in accordance with the Georgian legislation.
3. The Society creates [a] logo and seal for distinction purposes. [The r]ed cross on the white background (heraldic [sign]) and an inscription “Georgia Red Cross Society” is placed on the logo and seal.
4. Any use of the emblem and designation of the Red Cross in breach of the requirements of [the] law shall lead to … liability under the rule established by the Georgian legislation. 
Georgia, Law on the Georgia Red Cross Society, 2017, Article 15.
Georgia’s Law on the Use and Protection of the Emblems of the Red Cross, Red Crescent and Red Crystal (2017) states:
Chapter I. General Provisions
Article 1
In pursuance to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August, 1949 (hereinafter – Geneva Conventions) and their [1977 and 2005] additional protocols, this Law protects:
a) Emblems of the Red Cross, Red Crescent and Red Crystal on [a] white background (hereinafter – emblem). The emblems of the Red Cross and Red Crescent are provided under the first annex of the [1977] First Additional Protocol to the Geneva Conventions, while the emblem of the Red Crystal is provided under the [2005] Third Additional Protocol to the Geneva Conventions;
c) The emblem designated for identification of the medical facility, medical vehicle and medical personnel – distinctive insignias, which are provided under the first annex of the First Additional Protocol [to] the Geneva Conventions and under the Third Additional Protocol to the Geneva Conventions.
Article 2
1. The emblem may be used in all circumstances prescribed by this Law, by the Geneva Conventions and their Additional Protocols for:
a) protective function;
b) distinctive function.
2. In the event of armed conflict, the emblem shall be used for a protective function to mark medical personnel of the armed forces, medical facilities and medical vehicles in accordance with the Geneva Conventions and their Additional Protocols. The emblem used for a protective function should be as large [a] size as possible to enable its identification from a far distance.
3. The emblem may be used for a distinctive function to underline [the] link between the person or object to the international movement of the Red Cross and Red Crescent. [The d]istinctive emblem should be less in size compar[ed] to the protective emblem.
Chapter V. Liability
Article 16
Use of the emblem … in breach of the requirements of this Law shall lead to the liability under the rule established by the Georgian legislation.
Article 17
Registration of such name, registration of such domain, issuance of a commercial or other mark, designing such commercial mark or industrial model, which applies the emblem or name – “Red Cross”, “Red Crescent” or “Red Crystal” or other name resembling to those … listed … which[,] taking into consideration germane circumstances, may mislead the impartial observer, shall be impermissible.
Chapter VI. Transitional and Final Provisions
Article 18
Persons, which before the entry into force of the Third Additional Protocol to the Geneva Conventions in relation to Georgia, have used the Red Crystal emblem or name “Red Crystal” or such mark which imitates the lat[t]er, shall have the right to keep using this symbol provided that, in the event of armed conflict[,] these persons will not use this symbol as if they enjoyed protection under the Geneva Conventions and their Additional Protocols and provided that these persons were granted the permission to use this symbol before the entry into force [o]f this Law. 
Georgia, Law on the Use and Protection of the Red Cross, Red Crescent and Red Crystal Emblems, 2017, Articles 1–2 and 16–18.