United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Practice Relating to Rule 30. Persons and Objects Displaying the Distinctive Emblem
The UK LOAC Pamphlet (1981) provides that “persons, units or establishments displaying either sign [red cross or red crescent] are protected from attack”.
The UK LOAC Manual (2004) refers in its chapter on enforcement of the law of armed conflict to “attacking a properly marked hospital ship or medical aircraft” as a war crime “traditionally recognized by the customary law of armed conflict”.
Under the UK ICC Act (2001), it is a punishable offence to commit a war crime as defined in Article 8(2)(b)(xxiv) and (e)(ii) of the 1998 ICC Statute.