United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Practice Relating to Rule 2. Violence Aimed at Spreading Terror among the Civilian Population
The UK LOAC Manual (2004) states: “Acts or threats of violence, the primary purpose of which is to spread terror among the civilian population are prohibited.”
In its chapter on internal armed conflict, the manual further states: “Attacks aimed at terrorizing civilians are prohibited.”
At the CDDH, the United Kingdom voted in favour of Article 46 of the draft Additional Protocol I (now Article 51), describing its first three paragraphs as containing a “valuable reaffirmation of existing customary rules of international law designed to protect civilians”.